Hydrogen is a universal energy carrier and will be one of corner stone’s towards a sustainable, reliable, and secure energy system. As stated in The Norwegian Government´s hydrogen strategy, the development and use of hydrogen-based solutions can contribute to both value creation and important emission cuts.
NORCE is working on hydrogen technologies to drive and develop them further and reduce the involved costs. We can build on our broad and inter-disciplinary competences to drive research and development on topics across the hydrogen value chain.
Hydrogen in the energy system, including H2 for backup power
Integrating hydrogen into the existing energy network is one of the key challenges within the energy transition.
We conduct theoretical and practical research on the topic of energy systems integration, which is connected to the value chain itself but also its interaction with other systems (for example “waste energy”).
Other topics include research on integrated systems to reduce the energy demand within and outside the value chain.
Hydrogen fuel for the maritime sector is seen as a necessary part of the solution to achieve the ambitions set by the IMO (International Maritime Organization) on zero emissions for transport with large energy needs and over long distances, or in areas with limited grid capacity which are not practically possible to electrify with batteries.
We are doing research for achieving hydrogen powered vessels with energy efficient operation. NORCE is also supporting the industry in developing infrastructure for testing and qualifying of the entire value chain where liquid hydrogen is used for maritime transport.
Underground storage in geological formations is one of the options for large-scale H2 storage.
For H2 storage in the subsurface depleted gas reservoirs, depleted oil reservoirs, artificial salt caverns, deep aquifers, hard rock caverns, and abandoned mines are available and each one of them requires better understanding on processes and H2-specific effects. These include microbial consumption, chemical reactions, physical flow properties, geological suitability.
Within NORCE we have all necessary competence to conduct field-specific and general research to develop underground storage sites.
Many different microbes can produce hydrogen, growing on a variety of different substrates, wastes and feedstocks. We want to understand which growth conditions and what waste types are the most favourable for efficient microbial hydrogen production.
As these microbes are everywhere, we are also looking into the possibility to activate bacteria in subsurface structures like reservoirs.
Hydrogen has the potential to decarbonize many areas of industry and transport and will have a major influence on many people’s lives. We aim to assess and communicate the environmental and health risks of hydrogen while maximizing its societal benefit.
Electrolysis of water is the process of using electricity to decompose water into oxygen and hydrogen gas and fuel cells will use the chemical energy to again generate electricity. Combining these technologies gives the opportunity to store electricity in form of hydrogen, which can be transported and used much easier. Together with our colleagues from Prototech, we want to improve the hydrogen use, hydrogen technology and understand energy efficiency.