Reef-Futures: The futures of reef services in the anthropocene
The coastal reefs biodiversity is important for the long-term human
development and well-being. For instance, reef ecosystems support the
nutritional and economic needs of people in many poor countries while
hosting the major part of marine life on Earth (25%). However world's
reefs are severely over-fished or have degraded habitats due to
anthropogenic activities and climate change. In this international
project, we aim to disentangle the primary physical and biogeochemical
drivers and dynamical mechanisms influencing the ecosystem services
provided by the tropical coral reef ecosystem.
To achieve this objective, we will apply state-of-the-art coupled atmosphere-ocean modeling tools. Following the project kick-off meeting in June 2019, the project consortium has agreed to use two modeling approaches to address large-scale and regional-scale processes. For the global scale, we will use a high-resolution Norwegian Earth system model, while at regional scale, the coupled ocean-atmosphere-wave-sediment transport (COAWST) modelling system will be used. The latter will focus on the Caribbean region. The model simulations will provide contemporary and future evolution of ocean temperature, mixing, pH, oxygen, primary production, and nutrient in key coral reef regions.
The Norwegian team will provide new knowledge on the following:
- Identifying which ecosystem drivers and what processes are crucial for the reef ecosystem well-being.
- The rate of change and spatial variability of these drivers in response to 21st century climate change scenarios.
- Determining the benefit and added values of downscaled projections relative to that of the global models.
- How regional synoptic events such as marine heat waves, tropical cyclones, and seasonal extreme may develop in the future.