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Nasjonalt kompetansesenter for biosikkerhet

Nasjonalt kompetansesenter for biosikkerhet

Biosikkerhetsforskning

Forskningsgruppa Genteknologi, miljø og samfunn (GEMS) ved NORCE har status som Nasjonalt kompetansesenter for biosikkerhet. Senteret tildeles midler direkte over statsbudsjettet gjennom dialog med Klima- og miljødepartementet og Miljødirektoratet.

Som et nasjonalt kompetansesenter for biosikkerhet har vi et spesielt ansvar for å undersøke uønskede effekter på helse, miljø og samfunn i miljø der man velger å bruke genmodifiserte organismer (GMO).

Hovedfokus for biosikkerhetsforskningen er å:

  • Utvikle og bruke metoder og modellsystem for å kunne avdekke uønskede effekter av GMO
  • Overvåke og kontrollere miljø og samfunn for uønskede effekter av GMO
  • Drive framtidstenkning om nye bioteknologier, metoder og produkter
Kontaktperson
Odd-Gunnar Wikmark

Genteknologi, miljø og samfunn Forskningsleder Genteknologi, miljø og samfunn - Tromsø

ogwi@norceresearch.no
+47 56 10 78 84

Relevante rapporter


Wikmark, O.-G.(2020) Antimicrobial resistance in natural environments: status of GenØk research and future recommendations, GenØk-report, Tromsø, Norway.

Ullmann, I.F. et al. (2020) Antimicrobial resistance in marine mammals: Targeted PCR and metagenomic analysis, Project report, M-1641|2020, Commissioned by the Norwegian Environment Agency, February 2020.

Venter, H. (2019) Antimicrobial resistance in the marine environment: MIC profiles of bacteria isolated from whale and seal faeces, Project report, M-1260|2019, Commissioned by the Norwegian Environment Agency, February 2019.

Publikasjoner

2022
Fagfellevurderte publikasjoner

Blix TB & Myhr AI (2023) A sustainability assessment framework for genome-edited salmon. Aquaculture,562, 738803. doi: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2022.738803

Okoli AS, Blix T, Myhr AI, Xu W, Xu X. Sustainable use of CRISPR/Cas in fish aquaculture: the biosafety perspective. Transgenic Res. 2022 Feb;31(1):1-21. doi: 10.1007/s11248-021-00274-7. Epub 2021 Jul 25. PMID: 34304349; PMCID: PMC8821480.

Subburaj S, Zanatta CB, Nunn JAL, Hoepers AM, Nodari RO, Agapito-Tenfen SZ. A DNA-Free Editing Platform for Genetic Screens in Soybean via CRISPR/Cas9 Ribonucleoprotein Delivery. Front Plant Sci. 2022 Jul 12;13:939997. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2022.939997. PMID: 35903231; PMCID: PMC9315425.

2021
Fagfellevurderte publikasjoner

Antonsen, T., Dassler, T. (2021) How to Do What Is Right, Not What Is Easy: Requirements for Assessment of Genome-Edited and Genetically Modified Organisms under Ethical Guidelines. Food ethics 6, 12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41055...

Blix TB, Dalmo RA, Wargelius A, Myhr AI.(2021) Genome editing on finfish: Current status and implications for sustainability. Rev Aquacult. 2021;00:1–20. https://doi.org/10.1111/raq.12...

Kjeldaas, Sigfrid, Trine Antonsen, Sarah Hartley, and Anne I. Myhr (2021) «Public Consultation on Proposed Revisions to Norway’s Gene Technology Act: An Analysis of the Consultation Framing, Stakeholder Concerns and the Integration of Non-Safety Considerations» Sustainability 13, no. 14: 7643. https://doi.org/10.3390/su1314...

Marshak, M. et al. (2021) Losing practices, relationships and agency: ecological deskilling as a consequence of the uptake of modern seed varieties among South African Smallholders, Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, DOI: 10.1080/21683565.2021.1888841

Nguyen, N. H. A et al. (2021). Attached and planktonic bacterial communities on bio-based plastic granules and micro-debris in seawater and freshwater. Science of The Total Environment https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147413

Okoli, A.S., Blix, T., Myhr, A.I. et al. Sustainable use of CRISPR/Cas in fish aquaculture: the biosafety perspective. Transgenic Res (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11248...

Preston, C. J. and Antonsen T. (2021) Integrity and Agency: Negotiating New Forms of Human-Nature Relations in Biotechnology. Environmental Ethics. DOI: 10.5840/enviroethics202143020

Zanon Agapito-Tenfen S, Guerra MP, Nodari RO and Wikmark O-G (2021) Untargeted Proteomics-Based Approach to Investigate Unintended Changes in Genetically Modified Maize for Environmental Risk Assessment Purpose. Front. Toxicol. 3:655968. doi: 10.3389/ftox.2021.655968

Rapporter

Grønsberg, I.M. (2021) Sluttrapport: Bioteknologi i skolen – i et «samfunnsnytte-, bærekraft- og etikkperspektiv»


Bokkapitler


Antonsen, T. and J.M. McGowan (2021) Exploring alternative food futures through critical design in Hanna Schübel and Ivo Wallimann-Helmer (eds.) Justice and food security in a changing climate, EurSafe 2021 – DOI 10.3920/978-90-8686-915-2_25, © Wageningen Academic Publishers 2021

Blix, T. and Myhr, A.I. (2021) Genome edited salmon: fish welfare as part of sustainability criteria in Hanna Schübel and Ivo Wallimann-Helmer (eds.) Justice and food security in a changing climate, EurSafe 2021 – DOI https://doi.org/10.3920/978-90..., © Wageningen Academic Publishers 2021

Carson, S.G., Myskja, B.K. and Myhr, A.I. (2021) Public engagement in biotechnology innovation – the need for research and the role of ethics in Hanna Schübel and Ivo Wallimann-Helmer (eds.) Justice and food security in a changing climate, EurSafe 2021 – DOI https://doi.org/10.3920/978-90..., © Wageningen Academic Publishers 2021

Dassler, T. and Myhr, A.I. (2021) The ethical sustainability matrix: a practical tool for assessment of GMOs including genome-edited organisms in Hanna Schübel and Ivo Wallimann-Helmer (eds.) Justice and food security in a changing climate, EurSafe 2021 – DOI https://doi.org/10.3920/978-90..., © Wageningen Academic Publishers 2021

Kjeldaas, S. and Antonsen, T. (2021) Visions of gene technology, in Hanna Schübel and Ivo Wallimann-Helmer (eds.) Justice and food security in a changing climate, EurSafe 2021 – DOI https://doi.org/10.3920/978-90..., © Wageningen Academic Publishers 2021


Debatt/populærvitenskapelig

Blix, T. (2021) Genome Editing finfish: What can we do and what should we do?, NTNU, blog post 20.08.21

Dassler, T. and Antonsen, T. (2021) Towards ethics in assessment of GMOs, EurSafe News, volume 23, no.1, may 2021.

Thorstensen, E. and Dassler, T.(2021) Responsibility as care: The normative foundation of RRI, blog post, AFINO-project

Winther, H. and Blix, T. (2021) Behov for et bredere bærekraftsbegrep i oppdrettsbransjen, Intrafish 20.08.21


Høringsuttalelser

Innspill til Klima- og miljødepartementet vedrørende forslag til endring i genteknologilovens § 12 om åpenhetsforordningen
Grønsberg et. al. 13.01.21