JOVA. The Norwegian Agricultural Environmental Monitoring Programme

The Norwegian Agricultural Environmental Monitoring Programme (JOVA) is a national programme for soil and water monitoring in agriculture dominated catchments in Norway. The catchments represent the most important agricultural areas in the country with regard to climate, soil and management practices. JOVA was initiated in 1992 with the aim to document the effects of agricultural practices and measures on runoff and water quality. During the monitoring period, JOVA has established a database with long time-series of data for nutrient runoff, soil erosion, pesticide loss and agricultural management practices.