Gastroenteritis in primary care in Norway: encounters in general practice and out-of-hours services, use of antibiotics, and infectious disease control.

What we do

Gastroenteritis is characterized by acute onset of infectious diarrhea caused by various bacteria, viruses, parasites or toxins. Most gastroenteritis patients in Norway do not seek medical help as they experience mild and self-limiting symptoms. The majority of those gastroenteritis patients seeking medical help are handled in primary care. Primary care doctors in general practice and out-of-hours services have an important role in handling the gastroenteritis patients’ health, detecting outbreaks of gastroenteritis and limit unnecessary use of antibiotics.

Knut Erik Emberland is PhD student on this project. The project aims to provide new knowledge on the use of primary care services and antibiotics among gastroenteritis patients, and to investigate the process from encounters in primary care to the detection of outbreaks of gastroenteritis.

This is a registry-based project linking data from the Norwegian Prescription Database (NorPD), the Norwegian Surveillance System of Communicable Diseases (MSIS) and a database of reimbursement claims from GPs and OOH services in Norway, during the period 2006-2015.

The Ph.D. project is funded by the University of Bergen.

The project team consists of Knut Erik Emberland (Ph.D. student), Guri Rørtveit (main supervisor), Knut-Arne Wensaas (co-supervisor), Sverre Litleskare and Sabine Ruths (AFE), and Kristine Mørch (Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen).

Updated: 13.12.18