Christian Gold

Christian Gold

Research Professor

+47 56 10 72 32
+47 975 01 757
Nina Griegs gt. 4, 5015 Bergen, Norway

My main position is as Research Professor at NORCE. In addition, I am a Professor II, Grieg Academy Department of Music, University of Bergen, Norway; and Professorial Research Fellow/Project Staff, Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Austria.

I also work as Editor of the Cochrane Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group. My main research interests include outcome research (clinical trials and meta-analyses), their methodology and application in music therapy in mental health. I am also interested in research connecting process and outcome.

Christian Gold


Health & Social Sciences

Research themes

Music therapy

Research Groups

GAMUT – musikkterapi

More information about Christian Gold

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Putting music to trial: Consensus on key methodological challenges investigating music-based rehabilitation – Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2022
Musical interaction in music therapy for depression treatment – Psychology of Music 2022
Demographic and clinical profile of residents living with dementia and depressive symptoms in Australian private residential aged care: Data from the Music Interventions for Dementia and Depression in ELderly care (MIDDEL) cluster-randomised controlled trial – Australasian Journal on Ageing 2022
Music therapy for people with substance use disorders – Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2022
Study protocol for the Alzheimer and music therapy study: An RCT to compare the efficacy of music therapy and physical activity on brain plasticity, depressive symptoms, and cognitive decline, in a population with and at risk for Alzheimer's disease – PLOS ONE 2022
The Impact of Music on Stress Biomarkers: Protocol of a Substudy of the Cluster‐Randomized Controlled Trial Music Interventions for Dementia and Depression in ELderly Care (MIDDEL) – Brain Sciences 2022
Music therapy for autistic people – Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2022
Clinical effectiveness of music interventions for dementia and depression in elderly care (MIDDEL): Australian cohort of an international pragmatic cluster-randomised controlled trial – The Lancet Healthy Longevity 2022
Short-term Music Therapy for Families With Preterm Infants: A Randomized Trial – Pediatrics 2022
Music Therapy vs. Music Listening for Negative Symptoms in Schizophrenia: Randomized, Controlled, Assessor- and Patient-Blinded Trial – Frontiers in Psychiatry 2021
Effects of live music therapy on autonomic stability in preterm infants: A cluster-randomized controlled trial – Children 2021
The LongSTEP approach: Theoretical framework and intervention protocol for using parent-driven infant-directed singing as resource-oriented music therapy – Nordic journal of music therapy 2021
Estimating Components and Costs of Standard Care for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Europe from a Large International Sample – Brain Sciences 2021
Music Therapy for Depression Enhanced With Listening Homework and Slow Paced Breathing: A Randomised Controlled Trial – Frontiers in Psychology 2021
Longitudinal Study of music Therapy's Effectiveness for Premature infants and their caregivers (LongSTEP): Feasibility study with a Norwegian cohort – The Journal of music therapy 2021
Utvikling av musikkterapeutiske intervensjoner for mennesker med Alzheimers sykdom i tidlig fase, mild kognitiv svikt og subjektiv kognitiv svikt – Musikkterapi 2020
Music Therapy for Preterm Infants and Their Parents: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial Protocol – The Journal of music therapy 2020
Resource assessment in trials undertaken in residential care homes: Experiences from the Australian MIDDEL cluster randomised controlled trial research team – Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications 2020
Long-Term Effects of Short-Term Music Therapy for Prison Inmates: Six-Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial – International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology 2020
Developing consensus description of group music therapy characteristics for persons with dementia – Nordic journal of music therapy 2020
Attunement in Music Therapy for Young Children with Autism: Revisiting Qualities of Relationship as Mechanisms of Change – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2020
Musikkterapi – 2019
Longitudinal study of music therapy's effectiveness for premature infants and their caregivers (LongSTEP): Protocol for an international randomised trial – BMJ Open 2019
Dialectical behaviour therapy and 12-step programmes for substance use disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis – Counselling and Psychotherapy Research 2019
Enhancing the efficacy of integrative improvisational music therapy in the treatment of depression: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial – Trials 2019
Music Interventions for Dementia and Depression in ELderly care (MIDDEL): Protocol and statistical analysis plan for a multinational cluster-randomised trial – BMJ Open 2019
Treatment fidelity in a music therapy multi-site cluster randomized controlled trial for people living with dementia: The MIDDEL project intervention fidelity protocol – The Journal of music therapy 2019
Reliability of the Music in Everyday Life (MEL) Scale: A parent-report assessment for children on the autism spectrum – The Journal of music therapy 2018
Perspectives on research and clinical practice in music therapy for older people with depression – 2018
Music therapy – 2017
Group music therapy as a preventive intervention for young people at risk: cluster-randomized trial – The Journal of music therapy 2017
Music therapy for depression – Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017
The effect of music therapy on cognitive functions in patients with dementia: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Aging & Mental Health 2017
International multicentre randomised controlled trial of improvisational music therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder: TIME-A study – Health Technology Assessment 2017
Tracing the temporal stability of autism spectrum diagnosis and severity as measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule: A systematic review and meta-analysis – PLOS ONE 2017
The therapeutic relationship as predictor of change in music therapy with young children with autism spectrum disorder – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2017
Effects of improvisational music therapy vs enhanced standard care on symptom severity among children with autism spectrum disorder: The TIME-A randomized clinical trial – Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) 2017
Music therapy for people with schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like disorders – Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017
Music therapy for people with substance use disorders – Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017
Effectiveness of group music therapy versus recreational group singing for depressive symptoms of elderly nursing home residents: pragmatic trial – Aging & Mental Health 2017
Music therapy in management of psychiatric disorders – 2016
Music therapy for autism spectrum disorders – 2016
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