PolarRES: Exploring the future climate of the Polar regions

This new EU project, coordinated by NORCE, will contribute important knowledge to the EU strategy on climate action.

Sist oppdatert: Oct 7, 2021
Palmer2 Rothera Svein Østerhus
Antarctica - a view from nearby the british Rothera base on the Antarctic peninsula. (Photo by Svein Østerhus, NORCE)

The Polar regions play a crucial role in balancing global climate – with the poles heating up much faster than the rest of the world.

Yet, climate projections for the Polar regions still have significant uncertainties. This is hampering efforts to curb climate change and deal with the effects we already see at play - not only within the Polar regions, but also in Europe and the rest of the world.

PolarRES, a research project funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Programme, will work to make climate projections in the polar regions more reliable.

“Both the Arctic and Antarctica are undergoing dramatic changes. There is a pressing need to understand the scope of these changes and the climate processes that underpin them. PolarRES will enable us to achieve this and provide more confident information about the future climate of the Polar regions,” says Priscilla Mooney, climate scientist at NORCE Norwegian Research Centre and the Bjerknes Center for Climate Research.

“In doing so, it will empower communities in these regions, and society at large, to respond to future changes, Mooney adds.

Research results from the PolarRES project will contribute important knowledge to the EU Strategy on Climate Action.

Priscilla NORCE logo web
Priscilla Mooney, climate scientist at NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, also leading the international PolarRES team. (Photo by Andreas R. Graven, NORCE)

Broad range of expertise and infrastructure

Over the next four years, PolarRES will develop new insights on polar processes and adopt a so-called ‘storylines approach’. The researchers will explore how polar climate change will affect Boreal wildfires and permafrost thaw. If ancient permafrost thaws, more greenhouse gases will be released into the atmosphere, further contributing to a hotter planet.

“International cooperation is key to assessing climate impacts in the polar regions. It requires a broad range of expertise and infrastructure, which is why it is important to bring together leading experts from all around the world to tackle this problem,” says Priscilla Mooney, who is leading the international research team.

PolarRES unites researchers from the EU, China, Japan, Russia, Norway, UK, Ukraine, and the US.

The project will not only study the climate in the polar regions, but everything which feeds into it globally. It will take advantage of cutting-edge numerical models and advanced satellite products from the European Space Agency’s Earth Observation Programme.

NORCE climate scientists Siv Lauvset and Hanna Lee will lead key activities in the project on ocean biogeochemistry and climate impacts, areas where NORCE and the Bjerknes Centre are among the world-leading research groups.

PolarRES will also deliver new insights into how physical and chemical processes crucial for atmosphere-ocean-ice interactions can shape the global climate system.

Edited by Andreas R. Graven, senior communications adviser, NORCE.

PolarRES

The Project receives 8 million EUR funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research Program for the period 01.09.2021 to 31.08.2025 under the Grant Agreement 101003590. The grant is part of the EU’s policy on supporting the transformation to a low-carbon, resilient future and the climate action that supports the Paris Agreement.

The PolarRES website

Partner institutions

PolarRES is coordinated by the NORCE Norwegian Research Centre (Norway) with the following partner institutions (in alphabetical order): Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum Fur Polar- Und Meeresforschung (DE), Arctik SRL (BE), Danmarks Meteorologiske Institut (DK), Helsingin Yliopisto (FI), Ilmatieteen Laitos (FI), Instytut Problem Matematychnykh Mashyn I System Natsional Noi Akademii Nauk Ukrainy (UA), Lunds Universitet (SE), Meteorologisk Institutt (NO), National Antarctic Scientific Center (UA), Scientific foundation Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre (RU), Shanghai Jiao Tong University (CH), Turun Yliopisto (FI), United Kingdom Research and Innovation (UK), Université de Liege (BE), University of Leeds (UK), Universiteit Utrecht (NL).

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