Antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest global health challenges of our time. Resistance is due to overuse and unnecessary use of antibiotics. Research shows that infections such as ear infections, sinusitis, sore throats, and bronchitis often do not benefit from antibiotics. Often they have a viral cause that antibiotics do not affect. In basically healthy people, the body can also handle certain bacterial infections without antibiotics.
If we do not reduce consumption, more microbes will become resistant to available antibiotics. The consequence may be that infections that are currently harmless can lead to severe health problem.
By participating in the EU project Happy Patient, NORCE researchers aim to reduce the prescribing of antibiotics.
- Method and experience from this project may provide useful knowledge on measures aimed at health professionals and patients affecting the prescribing and use of antibiotics, Ingrid Keilegavlen Rebnord says, researcher at NORCE, Nklm.
Examines five countries
The project will be carried out in five countries: France, Spain, Greece, Poland, and Lithuania. The former four countries have a high consumption of antibiotics, and the latter has low consumption.
Participants in the project are health personnel in general practice, dental health services, emergency rooms, nursing homes, and pharmacies. The plan is to recruit a total of 500 health personnel, who treat at least 12,500 patients during the project period.
NORCE, the National Centre for Emergency Primary Health Care will lead a work package that will recruit health workers from emergency services in these countries. NORCE researchers will, together with researchers working in doctors' offices, nursing homes and pharmacies, and national researchers, implement updated guidelines for the correct use of antibiotics.
Change in practice
The recruited health workers will register various matters related to the prescribing of antibiotics in their practice, this takes place in two registrations before and after the intervention. To increase knowledge of recommended guidelines for antibiotic use, they receive feedback on their practice, training in communicative tools, information, and discussion, between these registrations. The intervention also includes various public campaigns aimed at patients.
The project is led by the Health Catalan Institute (ICS) and the Foundation University Institute for Primary Health Care Research Jordi Gol i Gurina (IDIAPJGol).
The HAPPY PATIENT consortium is composed of 15 partners and 2 associated entities, which are part of:
- Academia, research and clinical practice: Health Catalan Institute (ICS) & IFoundation University Institute for Primary Health Care Research Jordi Gol i Gurina (IDIAPJGol), University of Copenhagen (UCPH), University of Southern Denmark (SDU) and its Research Unit for General Practice Odense (RUPO), Norwegian Research Centre (NORCE), The Capital Region of Denmark, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen (RUG), University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC) & Fundación Canaria Parque Científico Tecnológico (FCPCT), Nice University Hospital (CHU de Nice), My Family Doctor (Mano Seimos Gydytojas), Medical University of Lodz (MUL) and University of Crete (UoC).
- Professional umbrella organizations: Spanish Society of General Practitioners (SEMFYC), European Association for Clinical Pharmacology (EACPT), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Rennes
(CHU Rennes), and International University of Catalonia – Patients Institute (UIC)
Happy Patient project’s start date is on January 1, 2021, and it will last up to 36 months.
More about the project: https://happypatient.eu/