Many individuals are excluded from working life, in spite of being motivated and able to work. This includes, among other groups, refugees and young people at risk of receiving early disability benefits. Youth who are not in school nor work are called NEETs (not in employment, education, or training), and is a group receiving increased attention. There may be various reasons why individuals are marginalized, but today we know more about what efforts are effective in including these into working life, and thus prevent the effects of marginalization. The best documented program for vocational efforts is called Individual Placement and Support (IPS), which is being tested for new target groups.